Async behaviours

This document aims to explain various techniques and implementations of async behaviours in your frontend application.

Basic async fragment replace#

Let's say you have a component in src/components/ProductDetail/ that you want to inject asynchronously into a route.

In your route template, e.g. in /src/routes/myroute/index.blade.php write:

<x-fragments-replace id="product">
<p>Loading product...</p>

In your route js, e.g. in /src/routes/myroute/index.js:

import ProductDetail from "components/ProductDetail";
import { replaceFragment } from "@acanto/core-fragments";
// basic usage
replaceFragment("product", "components.ProductDetail");
// or pass custom data to the component with:
replaceFragment("product", "components.ProductDetail", { myData: "this is async" });
// or initialise the component once rendered
replaceFragment("product", "components.ProductDetail").then(() => ProductDetail());

Done, the component is automatically fetched and placed inside your template.


You need to import the js/scss of your component either in the route from where you requested it or asynchronously with dynamic imports.

Altering a component when used as a fragment#

You might find useful to use the same route or component both in a fragment way (asynchronous) and in standard way (synchronous). A common use case is a product page whose inner content is also used inside a product dialog component reused across various routes. In this scenario you can differentiate the template and selectively exclude or include parts of it based on whether the template is used in a fragment or not. For this purpose a custom blade directive is made available by the FragmentsServiceProvider.

Continuing from the above example your template in src/components/ProductDetail/index.blade.php could look like:

<div class="ProductDetail:">
I will appear only when this component is used as a 'product' fragment
I will appear only when this component is <b>not</b> used as a 'product' fragment
<p>I will appear in both cases</p>

Customize fragment loading state#

Using a progress core component:

<x-fragments-replace id="product">
<x-progress-circular />

Using a skeleton core component:

<x-fragments-replace id="product">
<p>Loading product...</p>
<x-skeleton-list width="400"></x-skeleton-list>

Comunicate with your internal frontend endpoints#

Three steps to expose an ajax endpoint

  1. Create a route controller in /src/fragments/MyController.php and define all the methods you need:
namespace resources\fragments;
use Illuminate\Http\Request;
use LaravelFrontend\App\Controllers\Fragment;
class MyController extends Fragment
public function get(Request $request)
$data = ['some', 'data', 'from', 'anywhere'];
return response()->json($data);
public function post(Request $request)
$data = $request->all();
// do something with that...
return response()->json();
  1. In /src/fragments/routes.php define routes endpoint and assign the controller you just wrote.
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Route;
use resources\fragments\MyController;
Route::get('myendpoint', [MyController::class, 'get']);
Route::post('myendpoint', [MyController::class, 'post']);
  1. Consume the endpoints in your JavaScripts using the ajax utilities:
import { get, post } from "@acanto/core-fragments/ajax";
get("myendpoint").then(({ data }) => {
post("myendpoint", {
data: {
someKey: "some value",
}).then(({ data }) => {

The laravel related ajax calls always sends along the X-CSRF-TOKEN in the request header for security reasons.